Commercial Bank Exchange rates

Commercial Bank Exchange rates in Sri Lanka are set by commercial bank and are subject to change according to market conditions.

Generally, these rates are higher than the interbank rates due to the extra costs involved in providing the services. Commercial banks usually offer different exchange rates for buying and selling currencies. If you want today commercial bank  exchange rates call, commercial bank hotline.

Commercial Bank Exchange Rates

Exchange Rate Basics of Commercial Bank

Exchange rates are the value of one currency in terms of another. The foreign exchange market, which is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world, determines them. Exchange rate fluctuations can have a significant impact on the global economy as well as the economies of individual countries.

 Foreign Exchange Rates

The forces of demand and supply in the foreign exchange market determine foreign exchange rates. Various factors, such as economic conditions, government policies, political developments, and global events, influence these rates. The exchange rates are the price of one currency in terms of another currency, and we use them to measure the relative values of different currencies. 

Spot Exchange Rates 

Spot exchange rates are the current exchange rates that people use for transactions conducted on the spot market. The demand and supply of currencies in the market determine these rates. The demand and supply of currencies determine these rates, and traders use them to capitalize on price fluctuations in the market.

 Forward Exchange Rates

 The current spot exchange rate and the prevailing interest rate differential between two currencies determine forward exchange rates. We can use these rates for contracts that involve the future delivery of a currency. Taking into account the interest rate differentials between the two currencies and the expectations of future exchange rate movements, one determines the forward rates.

Exchange Rate Factors of Commercial Bank

A variety of factors, including economic and political news, central bank policies, and international trade and investment flows, influence exchange rates. Other factors include market sentiment, inflation, and interest rates.

Interest Rates

Interest rates are the price of money and the rate at which it is lent, borrowed, or deposited. The central banks of the countries determine interest rate of commercial bank and interest rates of other banks, influenced by the economic conditions of those countries. They also use interest rates to control the money supply and inflation in an economy.


Inflation is a sustained increase in the general level of prices in an economy. It is measured using the consumer price index, which is the average price of a basket of goods and services. A variety of factors, such as increases in government spending, increases in the money supply, and decreases in the value of the currency, cause inflation.

Commercial Bank Exchange Rates in Sri Lanka

Exchange Rate Markets of Commercial Bank

The foreign exchange market (FOREX) is where currencies are bought and sold. It is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world. A network of banks, brokers, and other financial institutions facilitates the buying and selling of different currencies.

Foreign Exchange Market

The foreign exchange market is a global market where traders buy and sell global currencies. It is the largest financial market in the world and is open 24 hours a day, five days a week. It is also known as the “Forex market,” and individuals, businesses, banks, and financial institutions use it to exchange currencies. 

 Interbank Market

The interbank market is the place where banks and financial institutions trade with each other specially online. It is the most liquid and largest market in the world, and people use it to facilitate the trading of currencies by banks and other financial institutions. 

Exchange Rate Risk of Commercial Bank

Exchange rate risk is the risk that movements in exchange rates will adversely affect the value of an investment. The risk is particularly relevant in international investments, where changes in the exchange rate may expose investors to fluctuations in the value of their investments.

Currency Risk 

The fluctuations in the exchange rate of a currency create currency risk. This risk can arise from changes in the exchange rate of a currency or from changes in the value of a currency due to economic or political events. 

Transaction Risk

Exchange rate fluctuations can cause losses and pose a transaction risk. Hedging minimizes this risk by taking out an insurance policy to protect against losses due to exchange rate fluctuations.

Exchange Rate Services of Commercial Bank

Exchange rate services provide information and analysis on the latest exchange rates and foreign exchange markets. These services can help investors make informed decisions about their investments and help businesses manage the risks associated with international trade.